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USA Undergraduate/Graduate Bulletin 2004-2005

 

BIOLOGY (BLY)
 
Prerequisites for all courses may be waived with permission of the instructor.
 
BLY 101* Life Science I 3 cr
The first of a two-semester sequence designed for the non-major. The basic principles of biological phenomena are emphasized by examples relating to the human. Cell structure and function, energy, and organ systems are studied. Core Course.
 
BLY 101L Life Science I Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 101. BLY 101 must be taken concurrently or as a prerequisite. Together, BLY 101 and 101L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
BLY 102* Life Science II 3 cr
A continuation of BLY 101. Organ systems, cell reproduction, plant and animal development, heredity, evolution, and ecology are studied. Prerequisite: BLY 101. Core Course.
 
BLY 102L Life Science II Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 102. BLY 102 must be taken concurrently or as a prerequisite. Together, BLY 102 and 102L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
BLY 121 General Biology I 3 cr
A study of molecular composition of cells, cell structure, metabolism, genetics, microevolution, Monera, Protista, and Fungi. Students with an ACT composite score of less than 21 should first successfully complete BLY 101 or CH 100 or CH 131 before enrolling in 121. BLY 101 credit may be applied as elective credit toward a degree but cannot be included in the 28 hours required for a biology major. Core Course.
 
BLY 121L General Biology I Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 121. BLY 121 must be taken concurrently or as a prerequisite. Together, BLY 121 and 121L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
BLY 122 General Biology II 3 cr
A study of plants, major invertebrate phyla, vertebrate morphology, plant and animal physiology, animal behavior, macroevolution, and ecology. Prerequisite: BLY 121. Core Course.
 
BLY 122L General Biology II Laboratory 1 cr
Laboratory exercises associated with BLY 122. BLY 122 must be taken concurrently or as a prerequisite. Together, BLY 122 and 122L count as one laboratory science course, partially fulfilling general education requirements. Fee.
 
NOTE: BLY 121 and 122, or the equivalents, are prerequisites to all courses numbered 300 or above except by permission of the Chair of the Department of the Biological Sciences. A year of college chemistry, or advanced high school preparation in biology and chemistry is highly recommended for these two introductory courses.
 
Credit will not be allowed for both the non-majors sequence (BLY 101/102) and the majors sequence (BLY 121/122.)
 
BLY 251*,252* Anatomy and Physiology I, II 4 cr each
Structure and function of the normal human body, ranging from cells through systems, with emphasis on integration and regulation at all levels. Take in sequence. Fee.
 
BLY 163* Commercial Marine Fisheries of Alabama 2 cr
This course is designed to provide an introduction to the exploitation and biology of economically important vertebrates and invertebrates of Alabama and the adjoining Gulf of Mexico, with emphasis on management processes of major species. Laboratory activities include visits to local processing plants and a trawling expedition aboard a research vessel.
 
BLY 205 Introduction to Environmental Science 3 cr
Environmental science, including the fundamentals required to understand how ecosystems work, how environmental modifications affect ecosystems and living things, and how living things affect their environment. Topics to be emphasized include the effects of pollution, habitat modification, and other environmental changes, on ecosystems, plants, wildlife, man, outdoor recreation, and the future. Public health and medical effects will also be considered. Many topics covered are of special significance to this region: wetlands, the effects of dredging and filling, artificial lake construction, development, agricultural and forestry practices on ecosystems, plants, and animals. Prerequisite: college biology, or permission of instructor.
 
BLY 207* Biology of Aging 3 cr
A descriptive review of processes of aging. Emphasis is placed on studying structural and functional changes that could occur with increase in chronological age. Prerequisite: BLY 101, equivalent course, or permission of instructor (usually taught in the fall, spring, and summer semesters).
 
BLY 213* Microbiology 3 cr
A survey of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses with emphasis on host-microbe interactions, immune responses, and control mechanisms. Prerequisite: BLY 101 or BLY 152.
 
BLY 214* Laboratory Studies in Microbiology 1 cr
A series of laboratory experiments designed to provide practical experiments in basic microbial techniques. Prerequisite: BLY 213 or concurrent enrollment. Fee.
 
BLY 215* Human Genetics 3 cr
For students who desire knowledge of human genetics either to further their career goals of to enhance their liberal-arts education. Prerequisite: BLY 101 or permission of chair.
 
BLY 311 Genetics 4 cr
Principles and processes involved in the transmission of heredity traits. Mendelian principles are correlated with modern genetic concepts. Enrollees must register for recitation section. Genetics Laboratory (BLY 312) is recommended but not required. Category A or D. Prerequisite: BLY 121 (usually taught in the spring semester).
 
BLY 312 Laboratory Studies in Genetics 2 cr
Designed to illustrate classical and molecular principles through laboratory experiences. Studies in eukaryotic and prokaryotic genetics are utilized. Prerequisite: BLY 311 or concurrent enrollment in BLY 311 (usually taught in the spring semester.) Fee.
 
BLY 314 Molecular Microbiology (W) 4 cr
Study of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms and their relationship to their environment. Molecular, genetic, and biochemical aspects of each will be emphasized. Prerequisite: CH 131.
 
BLY 325 Ecology (C) 4 cr
Basic ecological principles operating in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems. Field work in representative biotic communities of the Mobile region constitute an integral part of the course. Category D (taught in the spring semester). Fee.
 
BLY 332 Introduction to Non- Vascular Plants 4 cr
A survey of non-vascular plants; algae, fungi, liverworts, and mosses, with emphasis on morphology and taxonomy. Category B.
 
BLY 341 Cell Biology 3 cr
A course designed to integrate cell structure and function: the study of the ultrastructure, organization, physiology, genetics, and other functions of the cell. Prerequisite: CH 131. Category A (usually taught in the fall semester).
 
BLY 342 Cell Biology Laboratory (W) (C) 2 cr
Laboratory experience with instrumentation and techniques utilized in modern cell biology research including organellar isolation, protein analysis, and microscopic techniques. Prerequisite: BLY 341 or concurrent enrollment (usually taught in the fall semester). Fee.
 
BLY 352 Biology of Terrestrial Vertebrates (W) 4 cr
Evolution, characteristics, classification, life history, ecology, and behavior of amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Laboratory and field work emphasize local species. Category C (usually taught in alternate spring semester).
 
BLY 354 General Entomology 4 cr
Classification and habits of insects, including collection, preservation, and identification of those occurring in South Alabama. Category C. (taught in the fall semester)
 
BLY 360 The Invertebrates 4 cr
Detailed study of the invertebrate phyla: taxonomy, ecology, and phylogenetic relationship. Terrestrial, freshwater, and marine forms are studied. Category C.
 
BLY 363 Vertebrate Embryology 4 cr
Avian and amphibian histogenesis and organogenesis from fertilization to time of histological maturity. Category C.
 
BLY 365 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 5 cr
Anatomy and evolution of the organ systems of the major vertebrate groups. Laboratory includes dissections of dogfish sharks and cats. Category C (usually taught in the fall semester).
 
BLY 367** Marine Biology 4 cr
Local marine environments and the classification, morphology, and ecology of the locally occurring flora and fauna. Category D (usually taught in the summer semester).
 
BLY 425 Chemical Ecology (W) 3 cr
This class focuses on chemically mediated interactions between, among, and within organisms in both the aquatic and terrestrial environments. The topics covered include: chemoreception, chemical defense, chemical attraction, and the impact of chemical ecology on humans. This course includes a writing component. Students will gain experience in critical analysis, research development, grant writing and computer based presentation. Category D.
 
BLY 426 Freshwater Ecology 3 cr
This course examines four aspects of freshwater ecology; physical and chemical properties of water, biotic communities, links among freshwater systems, and human influence on freshwater ecosystems. Students will be required to submit a collection of local freshwater invertebrates. Prerequisite: Ecology (BLY 325). This prerequisite may be waived at the discretion of the instructor. Category D (taught every second fall semester).
 
BLY 430** Marine Botany 4 cr
A general survey of marine algae and vascular and non-vascular plants associated with the marine environment. Distribution, identification, structure, ecology, and reproduction will be considered. Course offered only through marine Environmental Science Consortium. Category B (usually taught in the summer semester).
 
BLY 431 Plant Physiology (W)(C) 4 cr
A critical study of higher plant function. This course includes a study of water relations, plant biochemistry, and plant development. Category A (usually taught in the spring semester). Fee.
 
BLY 432 Morphology of Vascular Plants 4 cr
Morphological features and possible relationships of psilophytes, club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and seed plants. Illustrated whenever feasible with local plants. Category B.
 
BLY 433 Taxonomy of Flowering Plants 4 cr
Principles of classification of flowering plants; survey of major plant families; collection and identification of representative local plants. Field trips. Category B (usually taught in the spring semester).
 
BLY 435 Biology of Fungi 4 cr
Identification and morphology of fungi with some emphasis on their relation to human affairs. Collection required. Category B (usually taught in the spring semester).
 
BLY 436 Animal Physiology (W)(C) 4 cr
Comparative approach to animal physiology, proceeding from molecular and cellular levels to the organismal level. Focuses on the relationships between structure and function. Will include examinations of both invertebrates and vertebrates. Prerequisites BLY 341, CH 131, and 132. Category A (usually taught in the spring semester). Fee.
 
BLY 440 Biochemistry I 3 cr
Principles of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and nucleotide chemistry; membrane phenomena; enzyme kinetics and bioenergetics. Prerequisite: CH 223. Also cross-listed as CH 440. Category A (usually taught in the fall semester).
 
BLY 441 Biochemistry II 3 cr
Course is sequential to Biochemistry I and focuses on reactions and regulation of intermediary metabolism; molecular genetics, hormonal action, and nutrition. Prerequisite: BLY 440. Requires special permission. Also cross-listed as CH 441. Category A (usually taught in the spring semester).
 
BLY 443 Laboratory Studies in Biochemistry 2 cr
Course familiarizes the student with basic laboratory techniques commonly employed in biochemical research. Prerequisite: BLY 440 or concurrent enrollment in BLY 441. Requires special permission. Also cross-listed as CH 443. Fee.
 
BLY 450 Animal Behavior 3 cr
Introductory animal behavior from a biological viewpoint, emphasizing behavioral adaptation of animals to their environment. Orientation, migration, rhythms, communication, territoriality, experimental techniques, and ecological and evolutionary aspects of behavior will be considered. Category D (usually taught in the spring semester).
 
BLY 451** Marine Vertebrate Zoology 4 cr
A study of marine vertebrates, with emphasis on fishes; their systematics, zoogeography, and ecology. Category C (usually taught in the summer semester).
 
BLY 453** Coastal Ornithology 4 cr
Study of coastal and pelagic birds with emphasis on ecology, taxonomy, and distribution. This course includes identification, population dynamics, and behavior of coastal birds and overnight trips to offshore islands. Category C (usually taught in alternate summer semester).
 
BLY 455 Ornithology (W) 4 cr
Principles of classification, structure, distribution, migration natural history, and adaptions of birds within an ecological context. Field and laboratory identification of birds by habitat, size, form, color, and sound. Some field activities may occur at times other than regularly scheduled laboratory hours. Category C (usually taught in alternate spring semester).
 
BLY 459 General Parasitology 3 cr
Principles of parasitology and a survey of all major parasitic groups. Category C (usually taught in the fall semester).
 
BLY 463 Vertebrate Histology 4 cr
Microscopic anatomy of organ systems, with emphasis on human tissues. Category C.
 
BLY 471** Marine Invertebrate Zoology 4 cr
A study of the natural history, systematics, and morphology of marine invertebrates. Category C (usually taught in the summer semester).
 
BLY 474** Introduction to Oceanography 4 cr
A general introduction to the oceans, with emphasis on chemical, physical, and geological processes, and their relation to biological systems.
 
BLY 475** Marine Ecology 4 cr
The relationship of marine organisms to their environment. Category D (usually taught in the summer semester).
 
BLY 478** Marsh Ecology (W) 4 cr
A study of floral and faunal elements of various marsh communities. Interaction of physical and biological factors will be emphasized. Course is structured to provide actual field experience in addition to lecture material. Category D (usually taught in the summer semester).
 
BLY 481** Marine Technical Methods 2 cr
An introduction to instruments and procedure normally used aboard a marine research vessel, including physical, biological, chemical, and geological parameter measures and sample collection (usually taught in the summer semester).
 
BLY 483** Field Marine Science I 1-4 cr
The Field Marine Science course consists of a 10-day field exercise in the tropical southeastern Gulf of Mexico (Florida Keys) and the temperate north Atlantic. Sites alternate annually. Faculty members with diverse interests accompany the students, participate in pretrip readings and discussion sessions and evaluate the product developed by each student. Prerequisite: Senior or graduate standing in a major related to marine sciences and permission of the instructor.
 
BLY 485 Evolutionary Biology 3 cr
The study of mechanisms and historical patterns of evolutionary change in biological systems ranging form genes to phylogeny. Prerequisite: BLY 311.
 
BLY 488** Field Marine Science II 1-4 cr
The Field Marine Science course consists of a 10-day field exercise in the topical southeastern Gulf of Mexico (Florida Keys) and the temperate north Atlantic. Sites alternate annually. Faculty members with diverse interests accompany the students, participate in pretrip readings and discussion sessions and evaluate the product developed by each student. Prerequisite: Senior or graduate standing in a major related to marine sciences and permission of the instructor.
 
BLY 490 Special Topics 3-5 cr
Small, interested groups of students will study specialized topics not generally listed in the course offerings. Faculty and visiting professors will offer courses in their areas of specialization. Prerequisite: Permission of the department.
 
BLY 494 Directed Studies 1-4 cr
This course is designed to enable the capable student to pursue independent research under the direction of a member of the faculty. Prerequisite: Permission of the department chair.
 
BLY 499 Honors Research in Biology (W) 1-6 cr
Experience in planning, conducting, and reporting a research project under the direction of the faculty. Prerequisites: BLY 121/122, CH131/132, overall GPA 3.0, biology GPA 3.5, and permission of the department chair.
 
BLY 511 Developmental Biology 3 cr
The genetic and biochemical interactions present in the early embryonic development of higher organisms. Emphasis on animal development. Prerequisites: BLY 311, 341, 363.
 
BLY 515 Ecotoxicology 3 cr
Dynamics and effects of toxic agents on ecosystems. Emphasis will be on application of toxicological principles to the environment, current problems, and state of art methodologies in evaluation of environmental health.
 
BLY 520 Biometry 4 cr
The application of statistical methodology, both univariate and multivariate techniques, to the solution of biological problems. This course is not designed as a substitute for instruction in statistics, but rather to complement previous course work. The laboratory will involve the use of PC computers to perform procedures on biological data and subsequent interpretation of the results. Prerequisite: ST 275, BLY 121, 122, one BLY 300 level course. Prerequisites can be waived at the discretion of the instructor. Category D (taught every second spring semester). Fee.
 
BLY 525 Chemical Ecology 3 cr
Chemical Ecology focuses on chemically mediated interactions within organisms in both aquatic and terrestrial environments. The topics covered include: chemoreception, chemical defense, chemical attraction, and the impact of chemical ecology on humans. This course includes a writing component. Students will gain experience in critical analysis, research development, grant writing and computer based presentation.
 
BLY 526 Freshwater Ecology 3 cr
This course examines four aspects of freshwater ecology; physical and chemical properties of water, biotic communities, links among freshwater systems, and human influence on freshwater ecosystems. Students will be required to submit a collection of local freshwater invertebrates. Prerequisite: Ecology (BLY 325). This prerequisite may be waived at the discretion of the instructor. (taught every second fall semester)
 
BLY 530 Marine Microbial Ecology 3 cr
A general survey of the types of microorganisms found in the marine environment. Emphasis will be on the interaction of microorganisms with each other and with their environment. In particular, the role of microorganisms in carbon cycling and biogeochemical processes will be stressed. Readings from current literature will expose students to the latest techniques and research. Cross listed with Marine Sciences.
 
BLY 533 Topics in Parasitology 3 cr
Theoretical aspects of parasite ecology, evolution, and physiology, with emphasis on current literature.
 
BLY 535/435 Biology of Fungi (Mycology) 4 cr
Identification and morphology of fungi with some emphasis on their relation to human affairs. Collection required. Credit for both BLY 535 and BLY 435 is not allowed.
 
BLY 540/440 Biochemistry I 3 cr
Principles of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and nucleotide chemistry; membrane phenomena; enzyme kinetics and bioenergetics. Prerequisite: one year of organic chemistry. Credit for both BLY 540 and BLY 440 is not allowed.
 
BLY 541/441 Biochemistry II 3 cr
Sequential to Biochemistry I and focuses on reactions and regulation of intermediary metabolism; molecular genetics, hormonal action, and nutrition. Prerequisite: BLY 540/ 440. Credit for both BLY 541 and BLY 441 is not allowed.
 
BLY 543/443 Laboratory Studies in Biochemistry 3 cr
Familiarizes the student with basic laboratory techniques commonly employed in biochemical research. Prerequisite: BLY 541. Credit for both BLY 543 and BLY 443 is not allowed.
 
BLY 548** Marine Biogeochemical Processes 2 cr
This course will examine the interactions between biological, chemical and geological processes in the marine environment. By first reviewing the cycling of several of the major elements (e.g. carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, and iron) in the sea; and examining how these cycles differ between various marine ecosystems. The focus will be on developing an understanding of how biogeochemical processes serve to regulate ecosystem function in these various habitats.
 
BLY 551/451** Marine Vertebrate Zoology 4 cr
A study of marine vertebrates with emphasis on fishes; their systematics, zoogeography, and ecology. Students will have an opportunity to assemble a collection of vertebrate species. Credit for both BLY 551 and BLY 451 is not allowed.
 
BLY 571/471** Marine Invertebrate Zoology 4 cr
A study of the natural history, systematics and morphology of marine invertebrates. Credit for both BLY 571 and BLY 471 is not allowed.
 
BLY 573** Oceanology of the Gulf of Mexico 3 cr
A descriptive study of the oceanology of the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent waters, including coastal zone, continental shelf, and deep ocean. Prerequisite: Degree in a science. Fee.
 
BLY 575/475** Marine Ecology 4 cr
The relationship of marine organisms to their environment. Credit for both BLY 575 and BLY 475 is not allowed.
 
BLY 578/478** Marsh Ecology 4 cr
Study of floral and faunal elements of various marine marsh communities. Interaction of physical and biological factors emphasized. Structured to provide actual field experience in addition to lecture material. Credit for both BLY 578 and BLY 478 is not allowed.
 
BLY 583/483** Field Marine Science I 1-4 cr
An 8-12 day field exercise in representative coastal sites. The field exercise is conducted in the break prior to the semester of registration for the course. Faculty members with diverse interests will accompany the students, participate in pretrip discussions and evaluate the product developed by each student. Designed to familiarize students with habitats and research conditions different from those they experience on the Northern Gulf Coast. Field trip locations selected on the basis of faculty/student interest, economics, and availability of logistical support. Students pay their room and board costs for the field exercise. Primarily for graduate students, but advanced undergraduates may enroll with consent of instructor. Both BLY 483/583 and 588/488 may be taken for credit when each is taught in a different environment.
 
BLY 585 Evolutionary Biology 3 cr
Examination of the principles by which changes are effected in biological populations and study of the principal mechanisms accomplishing these changes.
 
BLY 588** Field Marine Science II 1-4 cr
An 8-12 day field exercise in representative coastal sites. The field exercise is conducted in the break prior to the semester of registration for the course. Faculty members with diverse interests will accompany the students, participate in pre-trip discussions and evaluate the product developed by each student. The course is designed to familiarize students with habitats and research conditions different from those they experience on the Northern Gulf Coast. Field trip locations are selected on the basis of faculty and student interest, economics, and availability of logistical support. Students pay their room and board costs for the field exercise. Primarily for graduate students, but advanced undergraduates may enroll with consent of instructor. Both BLY 483/583 and 488/588 may be taken for credit when each is taught in a different environment.
 
BLY 589** Marine Plankton 3 cr
The course familiarizes the student with the taxonomic breadth of phytoplankton, bacterioplankton and zooplankton in estuaries, coastal seas and open oceans. Though the focus is on taxonomic familiarization, basic biology of all major taxa represented in the plankton will be covered. Students will learn fundamental, as well as "cutting-edge" field, lab and statistical techniques. Prerequisite: Graduate status in one of the physical or biological sciences.
 
BLY 590 Special Topics 1-4 cr
Specialized topics not generally listed in the course offerings.
 
BLY 592 Seminar 1 cr
Recent research in areas of special academic interest to students and faculty.
 
BLY 594 Directed Studies 1-4 cr
Independent research under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty. Primarily intended for non-thesis graduate students. A maximum of six credits may be granted for this course.
 
BLY 599 Thesis 1-4 cr
Prerequisite: Approval of research prospectus by student's graduate committee.
 
*Course not counted toward a major in biology.
**Course is usually offered at Sea Lab, Dauphin Island.
 

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