Adult Learning Theory
Adult learning theory mainly focuses on how adults learn. It is based on the assumptions that adult learners focus more on the processes rather than contents. This is because adults bring in real life experiences to the learning environment. Thus, strategies like collaborative learning, role-play, simulations, case study and self-evaluations are useful to help facilitate adult learning.
Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (1913-1997)
Knowles had a significant impact on the field of adult education. He was determined to discuss the fact that adults learn differently than children and thus bringing in the concept of andragogy
K. Patricia Cross
Cross was a very influential figure in the field of adult education. Her publications provided the basis to develop adult non-traditional study opportunities. Her most prominent publication was her 1981 "Adults as Learners".
Adult Learning: Art of teaching mature men and women. Men and women who are of the age of working, marring, and voting.
Andragogy: Art and science of teaching adult. It is teacher-student directed and centered model.
Pedagogy: Art and science of teaching children. It is teacher-directed and centered model.
Techagogy: Art and science of teaching and learning in the technology-based education, regardless of who is learning.
Adult Learning Theory Implications
Question: Mr. Smith is currently teaching an online class in History. For the class he needs to edit images using image-editing software to meet the size requirements in the online environment. He heard that Online Learning Lab (OLL), and instructional design lab sponsored by the University of South Alabama, helps faculty members to implement technology in teaching environments. Provide suggestions how OLL staff can organize the teaching content for Mr. Smith.
Feedback: For this answer there is no one correct answer. The best answer to this would be:
OLL Staff should present objectives to the learners first. OLL Staff should inform Mr. Smith why image-editing techniques are important to learn and how he is going to learn and master those techniques.
Also, OLL Staff should provide practice items using some clips from History books.
Finally, the Staff could also demonstrate how to edit pictures using Adobe Photoshop in context dependent scenario
Question: Mr. Vincent is developing an online course on management for working adults in a local company. Give him suggestions on how he can organize his course for the above-mentioned learners.
There is no correct answer for this, but one of the best answers to this would be:
Terms and Definitions
Development of Diagrammatic Representations
Content Development for Theory
Poonwilas "Kay" Amarasing
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