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USA Archaeology Museum


1) Clovis projectile point – A stone tool used to tip a spear made by the first occupants of North America around 13,000 years ago. This finely-crafted, tip of a hunting weapon was made from a type of rock that breaks like glass. The Clovis projectile point is distinctive for having a channel at its base called a “flute” that provided a reliable and secure means for connecting to the wooden spear shaft.

2) Chunkey Stone – A key game piece, about the same shape and size of a modern hockey puck, manufactured and used by Native Americans such as the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Creek. The chunkey stone was rolled onto a field and players threw a spear or stick at the point where they thought it would stop. Points were scored based on how close the players throw was to the chunkey stone.

3) Minie ball – A type of bullet used during the Civil War that was a technological advance that allowed for quicker loading, increased accuracy, and longer range. It is made from lead and conical in shape with grooves around the base.

4) Sword fragment – European explorers and colonists brought swords with them for use as weapons. A sword consists of a metal blade and a hilt or handle. Swords vary widely in shape and size from time period to time period, and largely had a ceremonial function in the 1800s. It is rare for an archaeologist to find a complete because if it is in the ground it will deteriorate over time.

Copyright the University of South Alabama Archaeology Museum
Last Edited January 13, 2014 10:35 AM