Exam 1 Review Questions



1. In a concert in which a symphony is performed the audience is generally expected to clap:

2. The only place to see a live performance of “classical” music is in a major urban center like New York or Los Angeles. T/F

The first violinist in an orchestra is known as the:

4. In a Western orchestra, which instrument provides the note that the ensemble tunes to?

5. Understanding a bit about the music before listening to it can help develop a deeper appreciation toward it. T/F

Ch. 1

6. A place in a melody where a musician will most likely pause for a breath is at the:

7. A phrase and cadence in music can be compared to a:

8. Scientifically, pitch is determined by its:

9. When a melody is accompanied by a second melody, that second melody is called a:

10. The distance between two pitches is called:

11. A second melody played against the first is called a countermelody. T/F

Ch. 2

12. The element that propels music forward in time is:

13. The number of beats in a measure determines the:

14. Music that moves without a strong sense of beat might be considered:

15. ________is created when the accent is shifted to a weak beat or an offbeat.

16. An accented beat followed by two weak beats would indicate a ____________ meter.

Ch. 3

17. A combination of tones that sounds discordant or in need of resolution can be described as:

18. Three or more tones sounded together produce a(n):

19. The most common type of chord in Western music is the:

20. The tonality of a piece is determined by:

21. A collection of pitches arranged in ascending and descending order constitutes a:

22. Melody is the horizontal dimension in music while harmony adds:

23. The first and last note in a major or minor scale is called the:

Ch. 4

24. The key of a piece is determined:

25. If a major or minor scale is transposed to a different starting pitch, the pattern of half steps and whole steps changes. T/F

26. The sign that indicates a pitch should be raised a half step is called a:

27. When a composer shifts the pitch level of an entire work, it is called:

28. When a composer shifts the key center for part of an entire work, it is called:

Ch. 5

29. A round is based on the principle of ____________ where each voice enters in succession with the same melody.

30. A single-line texture is known as:

31. Monophonic texture is the simplest musical texture. T/F

A melody, whether sung or performed on an instrument, is often referred to as a:

33. The interweaving of melody and harmony produces ____________ in music.

34. The best description of melodic idea that is presented in one voice, then restated in another, is:

35. One person singing Happy Birthday with simple chords accompanying the melody produces a _________ texture.

36. Which of the following textures is based on counterpoint?

37. A work that is comprised of a strictly imitative musical texture is called a:

38. A texture in which all voices move together in the same rhythm is called:

Ch. 6

39. A ___________can serve as the building block in the construction of a musical work.

40. A principle of form that is based on repeated alterations of a given melody (but still recognizable) is called:

41. A short, repeated musical pattern used as a structural device in music is known as a(n):

42. The form in which there is a statement, followed by a departure from that statement, is known as:

43. The basic elements of form are repetition, variation, and contrast. T/F

Independent parts of a large-scale work (a symphony, for example) are called:

45. A work that is created spontaneously in performance is called:

46. Which term best describes the musical event in which a motive is repeated at a different pitch level?

47. A fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit is called a:

48. In musical forms __________ fixes the material in the listener’s mind and satisfies the need for the familiar.

49. Which form features a statement of an idea, a contrasting idea, then a repetition of the first idea?

Ch. 7

50. Dynamics determine the ______________ at which music is played.

51. Which of the following would indicate a fast tempo?

52. If a composer wants to indicate despair in a piece of music, which of the following tempos would be appropriate?

53. Which term indicates that a piece should be performed very loudly?

54. Which dynamic marking would indicate to the performer to play gradually louder?

55. Tempo and dynamic markings are usually given in French. T/F

If a composer wants to indicate tempo precisely, a ____________ indication is given in the score.

57. Pianissimo would be indicated by the abbreviation:

58. Gradually getting softer in music is best indicated by which term in the score?

59. Tempo refers to:

60. If the music is gradually speeding up, the term used to describe this is:

61. If a composer wants to indicate excitement in a piece of music, which of the following tempos would be appropriate?

Ch. 8
Which of the following is an example of an idiophone?

63. Which of the following terms best describes instruments made with stretched skins?

64. An instrument that produces sound from a vibrating string is called a:

65. Which is NOT an example of a chordophone?

66. The property of sound that gives instruments and voices their unique tone color is:

67. Flutes, whistles, and bagpipes fall into what instrument classification?

68. Which of the following shows the correct order of vocal ranges from highest to lowest?

Ch. 9

69. Which brass instrument dates back to ancient times and was used for religious ceremonies and military signals?

70. Which brass instrument has a movable slide?

71. Which of the following is a pitched percussion instrument?

72. The sousaphone is the marching-band adaptation of which instrument?

73. Which woodwind instrument is no longer made of wood?

74. Which keyboard instrument produces sound with quills that pluck metal strings?

75. The timpani is a percussion instrument with indefinite pitch. T/F

Brass and string instrument players utilize a _____ to muffle the sound produced.

77. All of the following are indefinite pitch percussion instruments, EXCEPT:

78. A pizzicato effect is created on a string instrument when:

79. Which instrument combines characteristics of both the woodwind and brass families?

80. Which of the following is a double-reed instrument?

81. The "heart of the orchestra" is the:

82. The lowest sounding instrument in the woodwind family is the:

83. The bowed string instrument with the highest range is the:

84. Which instrument derives its name from the Italian word meaning "soft-loud"?


Ch. 10

85. The conductor's role includes interpreting the music for the group. T/F

A woodwind quintet is unusual in that:

87. The person who writes the musical work is known as a:

88. Which of the following would you NOT expect to hear in a jazz band?

89. Conductors of large instrumental ensembles use a _______ to help performers keep time.

90. A piece of music being performed is called a:

91. A concert band differs from a symphony orchestra in that it lacks a:

92. How many instrumentalists would you expect to find in a chamber group?

93. The first-chair violinist in an orchestra is specifically known as a:

94. The makeup of a string quartet is:

Ch. 11

95. Which term describes a characteristic way a musical piece is presented?

96. Secular music is composed for:

97. Which term refers to a category of music?

98. Music composed for religious purposes is called:

99. Which of the following is both a genre and a medium?