USA Center for Healthy Communities
The Center for Healthy Communities represents the University of South Alabama's dedication to its community. It is through research, education, and empowerment that both the citizens and the university may contribute to an improvement of not health alone, but also to people's lives. The CHC Advocate, the Center for Healthy Communities blog, provides timely and relevant information related to health disparities, community-based participatory research, community engagement, and efforts of the Center. Also, see the Center for Healthy Communities newsletter archive to learn more about our work. Sign-up for the Center for Healthy Communities Newsletter to stay up-to-date on our work.
The development of "sustainable healthy communities" in metropolitan Mobile, the State of Alabama, the Gulf Coast region and the Southeastern United States by addressing the special needs of people the University of South Alabama serves. This includes the elimination of racial, ethnic and rural health disparities.
The Center for Healthy Communities is the lead entity within the University of South Alabama for coordinating community education, research, public service and health activities to help eliminate health disparities, foster access to healthcare for underserved populations and enhance the capacity of individuals to better participate in decision making about their health. The Center's mission is closely aligned to the Healthy People 2020 agenda and initiatives for underserved individuals and communities. This mission is carried out through collaborative multi-disciplinary community and university based research, education and training programs designed to help develop "healthy sustainable communities." Successful implementation of this mission requires the establishment of trusting relationships with minority and underserved populations, healthcare providers and scholars within the academic community.
In September 2002, USA President Gordon Moulton requested that the USA faculty explore options for helping the University better address special needs of the population it serves in Metropolitan Mobile and the Gulf Coast Region. Attention was immediately drawn to problems relating to health disparities and health concerns of underserved populations. The gravity of these health problems and the prominence of USA health system's participation in solving them required that they be given priority consideration.
Metropolitan Mobile and the Gulf Coast Region (which includes Southern Alabama, Southeast Mississippi and Southwest Florida) have some of the most desperate health concerns in the country. The health disparities in the region's large African American population in many instances exceed the national average. Similar problems persist in the area's Native American and growing Hispanic and Asian communities. The region also has a growing senior population with unique health needs and concerns that must be addressed as well. These and other special needs of people in the Gulf Coast Region constitute challenges and opportunities for the University of South Alabama to help develop healthy communities and improve the lives of people it serves.
The University of South Alabama is uniquely situated to address the variety of healthcare delivery, education and access issues in its service area. In addition to an expansive offering of health related undergraduate, graduate and professional programs, the USA College of Medicine is the only medical school in the region and is a major provider of continuing education and recertification training for physicians. The University's Hospital System is the region's largest provider of indigent healthcare and the USA Medical Center serves as the Gulf Coast's major trauma facility. USA Children's and Women's Hospital is a major provider of obstetric, gynecological and pediatric healthcare. The University's Physicians practice groups, institutes and centers also provide an array of specialty medical services (i.e., cancer, organ transplantation, stroke, sickle cell, cardiology, telemedicine, etc.). Moreover, numerous programs and activities were easily identified at the University of South Alabama that have the potential to positively affect the health of Gulf Coast residents. Establishing a mechanism through which these resources can be effectively utilized to support the development of healthy communities in the Region was a much greater challenge.
After extensive research and review a proposal was presented to the University's Board of Trustees September 4, 2003 for the establishment of a Center for Healthy Communities to help overcome this challenge. The Board unanimously approved the proposal for the Center.
The Center for Healthy Communities has been designated as the lead entity within the University of South Alabama for coordinating community education, research, public service and health activities to help eliminate health disparities, fostering access to healthcare for underserved populations, and enhancing the capacity of individuals to better participate in decision making about their health.
This mission will be carried out through collaborative multi-disciplinary community and university based research, education and training programs designed to help develop "healthy sustainable communities."
2-1-1 Connects Alabama is the answer for people facing difficult times who don’t know where to turn and for those looking to provide help or link others to resources. Are you looking for help with everyday needs? 2-1-1 is a free, easy to remember number to dial for information about health and human service organizations in your community. By dialing 2-1-1 for visiting the 2-1-1 Connects Alabama up-to-date information is much easier to find.
REDCap (Research Electronic Data Capture) is an easy-to-use, secure, web-based application for capturing, using, and sharing research or performance improvement data. The University of South Alabama is a member of the REDCap consortium. REDCap is primarily intended for faculty and staff of the University of South Alabama (USA), the Mitchell Cancer Institute, the USA Medical Center and the USA Children's & Women's Hospital.
The Office of Research Development and Learning (RD&L) provides information and opportunities focused on developing the USA research enterprise. The services provided by RD&L include funding opportunity awareness, training events and resources, and coordination of internal limited submission grant submission competitions.
The USA Translational Research Service Center (TRSC) provides local support and resources for translational research activities backed by the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Center for Clinical and Translational Science (CCTS) HUB and Partner Network.
The CHC Advocate provides updates from the Center for Healthy Communities as well as news and resources related to health disparities and social determinants of health.
The Housing and Transportation (H+T®) Affordability Index provides a comprehensive view of affordability that includes both the cost of housing and the cost of transportation at the neighborhood level.
The 500 Cities project is a collaboration between CDC, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the CDC Foundation. The purpose of the 500 Cities Project is to provide city- and census tract-level small area estimates for chronic disease risk factors, health outcomes, and clinical preventive service use for the largest 500 cities in the United States.
The following items provide more information on Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR) Efforts:
Dr. Errol Crook
Director-Principal Investigator (PI), Director of Administrative Core
Professor/Chair, Internal Medicine, USA College of Medicine
Dr. Errol Crook is the Director of the Center for Healthy Communities and PI of the CHC’s National Center of Excellence Grant from the NIH's National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities.
In addition to his work with the CHC, Dr. Crook is the Abraham A. Mitchell Professor and Chair, Department of Internal Medicine. A native of Monroeville, Alabama, Dr. Crook received his BA from Yale College and his MD from the Columbia College of Physician and Surgeons in New York. He trained in internal medicine and nephrology at the University of Alabama - Birmingham Hospitals. After completing his training he joined the faculty of the University of Mississippi Medical Center. During his last year in Mississippi he served as Interim Associate Chief of Staff for Research at the G.V. Sonny Montgomery VA Medical Center. Prior to moving to Mobile in June 2005, Dr. Crook was on faculty at Wayne State University School of Medicine / Detroit Medical Center in Detroit, MI. He served as served as Chief of Medicine at Harper University Hospital from 2001 to 2005 and as Acting Chair of the Department of Internal Medicine from March 2004 to June 2005. Dr. Crook is Past-President of the American Federation for Medical Research and is a member of several scientific organizations and editorial boards.
Dr. Crook's research focus has been in diabetes and diabetic renal disease with a special interest in hypertension and cardiovascular disease in this population and with a focus in the area of health disparities. He has several scientific publications in both the basic science and clinical research arenas and has been funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the VA, and NIH.
Research Core Leadership
Dr. Martha Arrieta
Associate Director, Director of Research Core
Associate Professor, Internal Medicine, USA College of Medicine
Phone: (251) 414-6488
Fax: (251) 414-8009
Dr. Martha Arrieta has been the Director of the Research Core and the Director of Research at the Center for Healthy Communities since 2006. She studied medicine at San Agustin National University in Arequipa, Peru and then moved to Florida to train in Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the University of South Florida. Dr. Arrieta held several faculty positions in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at South Florida between 1991 and 2001, in addition to being a Research Assistant Professor at the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health.
After moving to Mobile, Alabama, Dr. Arrieta joined the Mobile County Board of Health, where she has been the Consultant for Surveillance and Bioterrorism since 2003. Dr. Arrieta served as the Associate Director for the Center for Healthy Communities for two years before stepping in as Director of Research. Her past interests in research and publications have included health characteristics of agricultural workforces, cancer among migrant and seasonal farm workers, osteoarthritis, and cardiovascular disease.
Research Core Affiliated Faculty
Dr. Kenneth Hudson, PI for Research Project, Associate Professor of Sociology
Community Outreach Core Leadership
Dr. Roma Hanks
Co-Core Director-Community Outreach,
Roma Stovall Hanks, Ph.D. is Professor and Chair, Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work at the University of South Alabama (USA) and Director, USA Programs in Gerontology. She is Community Engagement Core Co-Director for the USA Center for Healthy Communities-Center of Excellence, funded by the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities. Dr. Hanks serves nationally on the Academic Program Development Committee of the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE); the AGHE Subcommittee for Intergenerational Research and Learning; and the task Force for Interest Groups of the Gerontological Society of America (GSA). She has served as Vice-President of the Delaware Gerontological Society and President of the Alabama Gerontological Society.
Dr. Hanks is an active participant in professional review and publication in the field of aging and intergenerational studies, having reviewed articles for Educational Gerontology and served on the editorial boards of Marriage and Family Review and the Journal of Intergenerational Relationships. In addition to her work in social gerontology, Dr. Hanks is active in research and program evaluation in health-related projects. As an Associate Investigator of the USA Mitchell Cancer Institute (MCI), Dr. Hanks is currently Principal Investigator for the 2008-2009 Health Initiative, a partnership between the MCI and the Community Foundation of South Alabama. Her recent research includes life history analysis of women in jail, exploration of cancer-related myths, and investigation of social networks and social support to prevent and manage illness.
Lynette Parker, Research Assistant II
Mary Williams, Community Outreach Coordinator
Jillian Bowers, Project Manager
Annette Bouie, Research Navigator
Shemika Brown, Navigation Coordinator