Dr. Matt C. Howard

Dr. Matt C. Howard


Research Interests

Dr. Matt C. Howard’s research interests include (a) statistics and methodologies, (b) health and well-being, (c) individual differences, and (d) computer-based training and development. His publications have been known to span the fields of Industrial-Organizational Psychology, Organizational Behavior, Research Methods, Human Resources, Human-Computer Interaction, CyberPsychology, and several others. More information about Dr. Matt C. Howard, including a full list of his publications, can be found at the following link: https://mattchoward.com/ .


  • Ph.D. in Industrial-Organizational Psychology, Pennsylvania State University

  • M.S. in Industrial-Organizational Psychology, Pennsylvania State University

  • B.S. in Psychology, Virginia Tech

  • B.A. in English, Virginia Tech

Selected Publications

Howard, M. C., Cogswell, J., & Smith, M. (2020). The antecedents and outcomes of workplace ostracism: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology.

Howard, M. C. & Van Zandt, E. (2020).  The discriminant validity of honesty-humility: A meta-analysis of the HEXACO, Big Five, and Dark Triad.  Journal of Research in Personality.

Howard, M. C. (2020).  Understanding face mask use to prevent coronavirus and other illnesses: Development of a multidimensional face mask perceptions scale.  British Journal of Health Psychology.

Howard, M. C. & Riley, P. (2020). Physical courage predicts relevant outcomes in associated contexts: The creation of a measure and empirical analysis into the construct. Journal of Business Research.

Hair, J., Howard, M. C., & Nitzl, C. (2020). Assessing measurement model quality in PLS-SEM: Using confirmatory composite analysis. Journal of Business Research.

Howard, M. C. & Gutworth, M. G. (2020). A meta-analysis of virtual reality training programs for social skill development. Computers & Education.

Howard, M. C. & Rose, J. (2019). Refining and extending task-technology fit theory: Creation of two task-technology fit scales and empirical clarification of the construct. Information & Management, 56(6), 103-134.

Howard, M. C. (2019). Virtual reality interventions for personal development: A meta-analysis of hardware and software. Human-Computer Interaction, 34(3), 205-239.

Howard, M. C. & Hoffman, M. (2018). Variable-centered, person-centered, and person-specific approaches: Where theory meets the method. Organizational Research Methods, 21(4), 846-876.

Howard, M. C. (2017). A meta-analysis and systematic literature review of virtual reality rehabilitation programs. Computers in Human Behavior, 70, 317-327.

Howard, M. C., Farr, J. L., Grandey, A. A., & Gutworth, M. B. (2017). The creation of the workplace social courage scale (WSCS): An investigation of internal consistency, psychometric properties, validity, and utility. Journal of Business and Psychology, 32(6), 673-690.

Howard, M. C. & Jacobs, R. R. (2016). The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) and the sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART): Two novel evaluation methods for developing optimal training programs. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37(8), 1246-1270.

Howard, M. C. (2016). A review of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) decisions and overview of current practices: What we are doing and how can we improve? International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 32(1), 51-62.


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