Government Documents

 

Smokey Bear's 75th Birthday

Created in 1944, the Smokey Bear Wildfire Prevention campaign is the longest-running public service advertising campaign in U.S. history, educating generations of Americans about their role in preventing wildfires.  As one of the world's most recognizable characters, Smokey's image is protected by U.S. federal law.  The personification of this character came about in 1950 when a small bear cub was rescued from a wildfire in the Capitan Mountains of New Mexico.  Surviving his injuries as a result of the fire, his story was broadcast nationwide by news services. 

He was eventually given to the U.S. Forest Service by the NM state game warden, on the condition the cub would be dedicated to a conservation and wildfire prevention publicity program.  The cub was soon on his way to the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., becoming the living symbol of Smokey Bear.  He proved to be very popular, receiving so many letters he had to have his own zip code.  He remained at the zoo until his death in 1976.  Despite the campaign's success over the years, wildfire prevention remains one of the most critical issues affecting our country.

View some of the library materials are on display near the 2nd Floor South library entrance of Marx Library.

 


The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: 100th Anniversary of Women's Right to Vote

Even before the nation’s founding, women demanded political equality.  It was not until 1878 that a member of Congress formally submitted a proposal to amend the Constitution to allow women to vote.  The Senate debated what came to be known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment periodically for more than four decades.  Forty-one years later, the House passed, on May 21, 1919, a constitutional amendment to provide for woman suffrage by a vote of 304 to 90.  Three weeks later, on June 4, 1919, the Senate also approved the amendment, by a vote of 56-25.  With the approval by the U.S. Congress completed, the amendment was sent to the states for final ratification.  The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, granting women the right to vote, was officially ratified by the states on August 18, 1920.

To learn more about this topic, see our display on 2nd Floor South and checkout the handout which lists some of the resources available in Marx Library and/or from the federal government.