Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Certificate Program
The Department's EMT certificate program prepares students for careers in pre-hospital
emergency medicine and enables graduates of the program to work as emergency medical
technicians (EMT's) in a variety of settings, such as fire departments and public
and private ambulance services. The program can be completed in one semester. Other
information pertinent to this program is described below.
|EMS 112: EMT Emergency Care||6|
|EMS 113: EMT Skills Lab||1|
|EMS 115: EMT Clinicals||1|
The State of Alabama mandates the National Registry of EMT's examination at both the EMT, Advanced EMT and Paramedic levels of practice. Only those students who have met all academic requirements of the program will be eligible to sit for the National Registry examination. All other criteria for progression and completion will be listed in each course syllabus and will be mandatory.
Students are responsible for all personal healthcare expenses, including those resulting from injury or illness, while engaged in learning experiences required by the department. Students will be required to show proof of health insurance or a signed waiver while in the program. Students must show proof of all required immunizations.
Students are responsible for all travel expenses to and from clinical and field internship sites. Students are responsible for the purchase of uniforms and required clinical equipment and supplies for their internships. Students also must maintain current Healthcare Provider (CPR) certification throughout the program of study.
Pat Capps Covey College of Allied Health Professions
Department of Emergency Medical Services
600 Clinic Drive – Suite 400
Mobile, AL 36688-0002
EMT Program Advisor
In many communities Emergency Medical Technicians provide a large portion of the out-of-hospital care. In some jurisdictions, especially rural areas, Emergency Medical Technicians provide the highest level of out-of-hospital care. Emergency Medical Technicians work alongside other EMS and healthcare professionals as an integral part of the emergency care team.
Emergency Medical Technicians' scope of practice includes basic, non-invasive interventions to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with acute out-of-hospital medical and traumatic emergencies.
Emergency care is based on assessment findings.
Additionally, Emergency Medical Technicians provide care to minimize secondary injury and provide comfort to the patient and family while transporting the patient to an emergency care facility.
An Emergency Medical Technician's knowledge, skills, and abilities are acquired through formal education and clinical experiences. The Emergency Medical Technician has the knowledge of, and is expected to be competent in, all of the skills of the EMR. A major difference between the Emergency Medical Responder and the Emergency Medical Technician is the knowledge and skills necessary to provide medical transportation of emergency patients.
The Emergency Medical Technician level is the minimum licensure level for personnel transporting patients in ambulances. The scope of practice is limited to basic skills that are effective and can be performed safely in an out-of-hospital setting with medical oversight and limited education.
The Emergency Medical Technician transports all emergency patients to an appropriate medical facility. The Emergency Medical Technician is not prepared to make decisions independently regarding the appropriate disposition of patients. The Emergency Medical Technician serves as part of an EMS response system, assuring a progressive increase in the level of assessment and care. The Emergency Medical Technician may make destination decisions in collaboration with medical oversight. The principal disposition of the patient encounter will result in the direct delivery of the patient to an acute care facility.
In addition to emergency response, Emergency Medical Technicians often perform medical transport services of patients requiring care within their scope of practice.
- Airway and Breathing
- Insertion of airway adjuncts intended to go into the oropharynx or nasopharynx
- Use of positive pressure ventilation devices such as manually triggered ventilators and automatic transport ventilators
- Pharmacological Interventions
- Assist patients in taking their own prescribed medications
- Administration of the following over-the-counter medications with appropriate medical oversight:
- Oral glucose for suspected hypoglycemia
- Aspirin for chest pain of suspected ischemic origin
- Trauma Care
- Application and inflation of the pneumatic anti-shock garment (PASG) for fracture stabilization